Thiamine deficiency is associated with infant mortality in Northern Laos

Thiamine deficiency might cause infant mortality among ethnic groups in northern Laos, which requires urgent attention such as prevention of thiamine deficiency and nutritional education. It should also focus on at risk Asian populations reporting similar low diversity diets and thiamine intake, thiaminase rich diets and food avoidance during and after pregnancy. Thiamine (vitamin B1), […]

Mothers using iron supplements during pregnancy and lactation could help prevent anemia in newborns and infants in rural Nepal

Iron supplementation during pregnancy may result in a low prevalence of postpartum anemia. The higher prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency among breastfed infants compared with their mothers suggests calls for intervention targeting newborns and infants. Around 293 million young children and 468 million non-pregnant women suffer from anemia due to iron deficiency (ID), which […]

The safety of doxylamine and pyridoxine combination for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy

Doxylamine succinate-pyridoxine hydrochloride delayed release combination is safe to be used by pregnant women in the recommend does of up to 4 tablets per day to treat nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) is very common, affecting around 80% of expecting mothers. Lifestyle changes may be helpful but many women […]

DHA supplementation and nutrition education can increase gestational length

Nutrition education or taking DHA supplements could positively affect gestational length. Improving DHA status through education or supplements is vital since maternal DHA levels are correlated with fetal DHA status and also represent enhanced DHA stores to support lactation and early infant growth and cognitive development. Essential fatty acids of the n-6 and n-3 series […]

The impact of iodine supplementation on pregnant women in South Australia

Pregnant women in South Australia are unlikely to reach adequate iodine levels without supplementation because of poor knowledge, lack of nutritional education and supplementation. Women in South Australia, who are from a socially disadvantaged background, are mildly deficient and could benefit from supplementation during pregnancy and while breast feeding. Iodine deficiency affects lots of people […]

Mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy can have long-term adverse impacts on neurocognition and educational outcomes in children

Even mild iodine deficiency during pregnancy could lead to long-term negative impacts on fetal neurocognition that are not ameliorated by iodine deficiency during childhood. Although mandatory fortification in some countries such as Australia may have led to sufficiency in the general population, pregnant women are still at risk of deficiency, resulting in long-term irreversible but […]

Urinary iodine levels during pregnancy are associated with alterations in executive function in children

Low maternal urinary iodine status during pregnancy is related to impairment of executive functioning in children at 4 years of age but it could not be explained by low intake or maternal thyroid function. The observed impairments in executive function at an early age are considered to be subclinical symptoms so further studies are needed. […]

The benefits of taking DHA supplements during pregnancy

Supplement of 600 mg DHA/d in the last half of gestation will result in overall greater gestation duration and infant size. It is suggested that pregnant women should take DHA supplementation to reduce the number of infants born before 34 week of gestation along with the risks to the infant as well as costs to […]

Concurrent calcium and vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy increases bone density in adolescent mothers

Adolescent mothers with low calcium intakes should take calcium plus vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy because it is likely to result in higher lumbar spine bone mass and a reduced rate of femoral neck bone loss during lactation. The calcium demand increases during pregnancy and lactation periods to transfer adequate amounts of calcium to the […]

Folic acid supplementation may be beneficial in the later stages of pregnancy

Pregnant women could benefit from folic acid supplementation to maintain an optimal folate level during pregnancy and to prevent the decline in serum folate and elevation in homocysteine concentrations that otherwise can occur in the later stages of pregnancy. Maternal folic acid supplementation has been believed to prevent neural tube defects, subclinical folate deficiency as […]